Table: State Policies & Ratio Changes during COVID-19

Find out how your state’s policies and ratios have changed in response to the coronavirus. This table was last updated on July 23, 2020.

LocationGroup Size & Ratios (as of 5/22/20)Group Size & Ratios (as of 6/23/20)Group Size & Ratios (as of 6/23/20)Child-Staff Ratio and Group Size by Age of Children (Pre-COVID)6 weeks 9 mths 18 mths 27 mths 3 yrs 4 yrs 5 yrs 6 yrs 7 yrs 8 & 9 yrs 10 yrs & older
AlabamaGroup size limited to 11 children and allowing child care to be open to all children without limiting service to essential workers (3/27 supplemental Public Health Order).Must use increased spacing, small groups, and limited mixing between groups (5/1 guidance).Must use increased spacing, small static groups, and limited mixing between groups (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/1 guidance).5:1
NR
5:1
NR
7:1
NR
8:1
NR
8:1
NR
18:1
NR
21:1
NR
21:1
NR
21:1
NR
22:1
NR
22:1
NR
AlaskaGroup size limited to 10 children (4/23 memo from Governor).In Phases 3 and 4, restricts mixing between groups of children and limits gatherings and events to those that support hygiene and distancing standards (5/21 guidance).In Phases 3 and 4, restricts mixing between groups of children and limits gatherings and events to those that support hygiene and distancing standards (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/21 guidance).5:1
10
5:1
10
5:1
10
6:1
12
10:1
20
10:1
20
14:1
28
14:1
28
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
ArizonaMust limit group size to 10 or less people, including staff and children (e.g., stagger lunches, separate rooms), as feasible (3/18 guidance).No changes since previous guidance. Must limit group size to 10 or less people, including staff and children (3/18 guidance)Arizona Enrichment Centers continue to implement protocols based on state guidance, which states that facilities should limit gathering spaces to 10 or less people (e.g., stagger lunches, separate rooms), as feasible (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 3/18 guidance).5:1
NR
11:2
NR
5:1
NR
11:2
NR
6:1
NR
13:2
NR
8:1
NR
13:1
NR
15:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
ArkansasThe group size shall be limited to 10 people, including staff and children (5/17 guidance),No changes since previous guidance. Group size limited to 10 people, including staff and children (5/14 guidance)The staff/child ratios have not changed due to COVID-19. You may not exceed your regular/licensed staff to child ratio, but children should not be in groups larger than 10. If you have more than 10 children in 1 room, you will need to separate them into smaller groups (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/14 guidance).6:1
12
6:1
12
9:1
18
9:1
18
12:1
24
15:1
30
18:1
36
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
CaliforniaLimits group size to 10. The following staff:child ratios are: 1:4 for ages 0-18 months; 1:6 for ages 18-36 months; 1:10 3 years to kindergarden (school age); and 1:6 for birth to school age (mixed groups) (4/15 guidance)Children should remain in groups as small as possible. Should these guidelines differ from local health ordinances, providers must follow the stricter guidance (6/5 guidance).Children should remain in groups as small as possible. Should these guidelines differ from local health ordinances, follow the stricter guidance (no changes to ratios/groups sizes in guidance updated 7/17).4:1
NR
4:1
NR
6:1
12
6:1
12
12:1
NR
12:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
ColoradoRequires child care facilities providing services exempted in this PHO must, to the extent possible, must be carried out in stable groups of 10 or fewer (“stable” means that the same 10 or fewer children are in the same group each day) (4/1 Public Health Order 20-24)Certain child care providers in Colorado may return to regular group sizes and licensed capacity as stated in Colorado child care licensing rules (6/3 press release).Childcare Facilities may operate under their Department of Human Services licensed capacity and group size (no change to ratios/group sizes since 6/3 announcement). 5:1
10
5:1
10
5:1
10
7:1
14
10:1
20
12:1
24
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
ConnecticutCoronavirus Memo #15 notes thats child care programs must maintain a group size of no more than 10 children. For children under age 3, a group size of 8 is still required per the licensing regulations. There have not been any specific changes to the requirements pertaining to ratios (3/31 guidance).If possible, child care classrooms shall include the same group each day, and the same teachers shall remain with the same group each day. Pre-COVID ratios still in effect (6/10 guidance).The limit to group size of students allowed in a space in group child care facilities and centers raised from 10 to 14 children. Guidance for family child care programs asks providers to consider limiting group size as much as possible (updated guidance 6/24).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
DelawareEffective April 6, DSCYF guidance requires 10 or fewer students with a ratio of 10:1, and limits group size to 8 or fewer children under 12 months of age (3/30 guidance).Maximum allowable group size is 15 children or smaller, as indicated by DELACARE regulations (6/15 guidance). The maximum allowable group size is 15 children or smaller, as indicated by DELACARE regulations (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated guidance 6/18).4:1
NR
4:1
NR
6:1
NR
8:1
NR
10:1
NR
12:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
FloridaMust maintain an adequate ratio of staff to children to ensure safety and ensure groups are 10 or fewer (inclusive of child care providers) (4/21 guidance).Encourages providers to maintain an adequate ratio of staff to children to ensure safety (6/5 guidance).Providers should implement social distancing strategies and child care groups should remain in the same groups daily and encourages providers to maintain an adequate ratio of staff to children to ensure safety (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/5 guidance).4:1
NR
4:1
NR
6:1
NR
11:1
NR
15:1
NR
20:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
GeorgiaDuring times when children are mixed, the ratios for the youngest child in the group must be followed, and no more than 10 people can be in the classroom regardless of age (4/29 guidance).Executive Order allows up to 20 children in classroom, as long as proper staff-to-child ratios are maintained (5/12 Executive Order).Because child care programs cannot always maintain six feet between people, group sizes must be no more than 50 people, including staff, to follow Executive Order 06.11.20.01. Staff: child ratios must be followed per the rules and regulations (7/21 guidance).6:1
12
6:1
12
8:1
16
10:1
20
15:1
30
18:1
36
20:1
40
25:1
50
25:1
50
25:1
50
25:1
50
Hawaii*No official guidance on ratios and group size, other than 3/19 guidance suggesting providers to consider rotation of small groups in common areasGuidelines allow for child care group sizes and staff-child ratios that adhere to the department’s existing administrative rule chapters (6/9 guidance). Guidelines allow for child care group sizes and staff-child ratios that adhere to the department’s existing administrative rule chapters (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/9 guidance). 4:1
8
4:1
8
6:1
12
8:1
NR
12:1
NR
16:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
20:1
NR
IdahoNo state specific guidance on ratio or group sizes other than encouraging providers to limit group sizes as much as possible. (3/25 guidance) No limitations on group sizes or ratios. Encouranges providers to group children together and with the same child care providers each day (5/1 guidance).No limitations on group sizes or ratios. Encouranges providers to group children together and with the same child care providers each day (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/1 guidance).Not licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensedNot licensed
IllinoisLicensed and licensed-exempt child care homes may serve up to six children of essential workers as a legally license-exempt home. Certain license-exempt child care centers may also continue to serve up to ten children of essential workers (not to exceed five classrooms) without needing to apply for an Emergency Child Care License. Providers with mixed-age groups need to follow the ratio for the lowest age group present (3/20 guidance)Child care centers that did not provide emergency child care during Phases 1 and 2 that reopen in Phase 3 and Phase 4 are required to operate with reduced group or classroom sizes for the first 4 weeks, group size is limited per room to serving 8 infants and 10 children in all other age groups. After the first four weeks, center group sizes expanded to 8 infants, 12 toddlers, 12 two-year-olds, 15 children ages 3 and up. Ratios will remain the same as per licensing regulations (5/30 guidance).Child care centers group sizes range from a maximum of 8 infants to a maximum of 15 school age children. Home based programs may serve up to a maximum of 12 children in a mixed age group setting (6/24 guidance).4:1
12
4:1
12
5:1
15
8:1
16
10:1
20
10:1
20
20:1
20
20:1
30
20:1
30
20:1
30
20:1
30
IndianaSocial distancing practices should be continued with new policies that do not allow more than 20 children within one classroom or area. In addition, it is recommended that when possible programs keep the same children in consistent groups with the same teacher/caregiver (3/20 guidance)No updated guidance on ratio and group sizeGuidance recommends that the same children be placed with each other each day, and with the same teacher each day (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/22 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
10
5:1
10
10:1
20
12:1
24
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
IowaDept of Human Services encourages childcare settings to limit rooms to 10 individuals per room when possible, and to increase space between children. Recess, activities and hallway passing should be staggered to limit interactions. (4/1 DHS guidance)Encourages child care settings to limit rooms to 10 individuals per room when possible, and to increase space between children (6/8 guidance).Encourages child care settings to limit rooms to 10 individuals per room when possible, and to increase space between children (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated 6/29 guidance).4:1
NR
4:1
NR
4:1
NR
6:1
NR
8:1
NR
12:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
20:1
NR
KansasChildren should be kept in the same group with the same provider/staff every day. Ideally, this means groups of the same 10 or fewer children/staff, if/when possible. This was newly added in the 5/18 guidance. Previous guidance noted that facilities may continue to operate within the terms of the current license. (5/18 guidance)Children should be kept in the same group with the same provider/staff every day. Ideally, this means groups of the same 10 or fewer children/staff, if/when possible (5/18 guidance).Children should be kept in the same group with the same provider/staff every day. Ideally, this means groups of the same 10 or fewer children/staff, if/when possible (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/18 guidance).3:1
9
3:1
9
5:1
10
7:1
14
12:1
24
12:1
24
14:1
28
16:1
32
16:1
32
16:1
32
16:1
32
Kentucky*No state specific guidance on ratios or group sizes other than children should be combined by age group and each location should account for 30 square feet per child. All childcare programs will need to utilize a maximum group size of ten children per group. Ratios for children under the age of twenty-four months will still be in place, so those classrooms will need to have two adults present if caring for the maximum classroom size of ten children (6/8 guidance).On 7/2, a Kentucky judge blocked the Executive Order limiting child care centers to reopen with a maximum capacity of 10 children per classroom and allowed for class sizes to return to pre-pandemic maximums of 28 children. The governor’s administration has appealed this ruling to the Kentucky Court of Appeals. On 7/17, the Kentucky Supreme Court issued a stay and the Executive Order limiting group sizes to ten remains in place (7/17 news article). 5:1
10
5:1
10
6:1
12
10:1
20
12:1
24
14:1
28
15:1
30
15:1
30
20:1
30
20:1
30
20:1
30
LouisianaProviders offering in-home or family child care services are allowed to serve 6 or fewer unrelated children. Due to the Governor’s Proclamation on March 22, 2020, groups must not exceed 10 people, including the child care providers (5/13 updated guidance).Under Phase II, group size is expanded to 25 for ages 2 and older (6/9 guidance). Under Phase II, maximum group size ranges from 15 for infants and to 25 for children ages 3 and older (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated 7/13 guidance)6:1
NR
6:1
NR
8:1
NR
12:1
NR
14:1
NR
16:1
NR
20:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
25:1
NR
MaineRecommend that, when possible, children be cared for in groups of no more than 10 children, according to Child Care Licensing group size and ratios for children under the age of 4. If possible, groups of children should not be mixed, and the same children should be together each day. Child care staff should care for the same group of children each day. (3/23 memo)No updated guidance on ratio and group size Ensure child care classes include the same group each day and the same child care providers remain with the same group each day, if possible. Restrict the mixing of children (7/1 guidance)4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
12
5:1
10
4:1
12
5:1
10
8:1
24
10:1
20
8:1
24
10:1
20
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
MarylandEach room in a child care center is restricted to 10 people, including children and staff. Child staff ratios must still be maintained in these groups of 10 people (not just the children). (4/8 guidance)Class sizes in child care centers are now expanded to a maximum of 15 individuals at a time per classroom with a ratio of no more than 1 teacher for 14 children ages three and above (6/19 guidance).For children ages 3 and older, there must be one qualified teacher for each group of 14 children as long as square footage and toys and equipment requirements are met. Ratios for children age 2 and under remain the same (6/30 guidance).3:1
6
3:1
6
3:1
6
6:1
12
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
MassachusettsAuthorized center-based childcare settings can serve up to 20 children per classroom with minimum of 2 adults in every classroom unless you have specific approval from EEC. Programs are encouraged to operate with a maximum of 10 children and adults per group, as feasible, and structure their program to abide by social distancing protocols. Authorized home-based childcare settings can serve up to 8 children with a minimum of 1 adult in the home (5/18 updated guidance).Group sizes must be restricted to a maximum of 10 children. If additional adults are required to support supervision of children during breaks, they must be assigned to only one cohort of children and not between cohorts. Provides a maximum teacher:child ratio of 1:10 (6/12 guidance).Whenever possible, it is strongly recommended that group sizes be kept below 10 and providers reduce the number of children in groups and/or spread out classes/groups across multiple rooms (no changes to ratio/group sizes in 7/13 updated guidance). 3:1
7
7:2
7
3:1
7
7:2
7
4:1
9
9:2
9
4:1
9
9:2
9
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
MichiganWhenever possible, it is strongly recommended that group sizes be kept below 10 and providers reduce the number of children in groups and/or spread out classes/groups across multiple rooms (5/21 guidance).Whenever possible, it is strongly recommended that group sizes be kept below 10 and providers reduce the number of children in groups and/or spread out classes/groups across multiple rooms (6/4 guidance).Whenever possible, it is strongly recommended that group sizes be kept below 10 and providers reduce the number of children in groups and/or spread out classes/groups across multiple rooms (no changes to ratio/group sizes in 7/13 updated guidance). 4:1
12
4:1
12
4:1
12
4:1
12
10:1
NR
12:1
NR
12:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
MinnesotaChild care centers must follow the minimum staff-to-child ratios and maximum group size limitations as specified in Minnesota Rules, part 9503.0040. Centers are encouraged to limit group sizes to no more than 10 people total, including children and adults. Children of different age groups may be mixed during all hours of operation as long as the ratio and group size for the youngest child present is met (4/18 guidance).Providers should maintain closed classroom groups that include the same children and staff each day and, whenever possible, ensure classroom groups do not mix (date unknown).Centers are encouraged to limit group sizes to no more than ten people total, including children and adults, until the conclusion of the peacetime emergency (extended until 8/12) and must follow the minimum staff-to-child ratios specified in Minnesota Rules, part 9503.0040 (7/13 Executive Order)4:1
8
4:1
8
7:1
14
7:1
14
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
MississippiNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios.No updated guidance on group size and ratiosNo updated guidance on group sizes and ratios5:1
10
5:1
10
9:1
10
12:1
14
14:1
14
16:1
20
20:1
20
20:1
20
20:1
20
20:1
20
25:1
25
MissouriNo changes to group size and ratios. If possible, child care classes should include the same group each day, and the same caregivers should remain with the same group each day. Providers must comply with any local requirements, including limits on group sizes (5/4 guidance).If possible, child care classes should include the same group each day, and the same caregivers should remain with the same group each day. Providers must comply with any local requirements, including limits on group sizes (5/4 guidance).No changes to group size and ratios. If possible, child care classes should include the same group each day, and the same caregivers should remain with the same group each day. Providers must comply with any local requirements, including limits on group sizes (no changes to ratio/group size from 5/4 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
8:1
16
10:1
NR
10:1
NR
16:1
NR
16:1
NR
16:1
NR
16:1
NR
16:1
NR
MontanaWhenever possible, the number of children and providers in each group must be limited to 10 or less (4/14 guidance)In Phase II, providers should strive to maintain stable groups of 10 when possible and have strong policy and practice to support social distancing between these groups of 10 (6/23 guidance).In Phase II, providers should strive to maintain stable groups of 10 when possible and have strong policy and practice to support social distancing between these groups of 10 (no changes to ratios/group sizes since in 7/10 updated guidance).4:1
NR
4:1
NR
4:1
NR
8:1
NR
8:1
NR
10:1
NR
10:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
14:1
NR
NebraskaChild care providers and centers should work to follow White House’s guidance limiting social gatherings to no more than ten person guidance. These establishments should use common sense when applying the guidance with the goal of reducing class sizes and increasing space between children. Notes that this is not a mandate.Class size limits of 15 remain in Dakota, Hall, Hamilton, and Merrick countie only (5/29 announcement).Phase III requirements remain in all counties. In Phase IV, guidance use is recommended, but not required. Nine counties in central Nebraska will be the first to move into the final phase of re-opening starting Friday, 7/24 (based on 7/20 news article).4:1
12
4:1
12
6:1
NR
6:1
NR
10:1
NR
12:1
NR
12:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
NevadaNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios.No updated guidance on group size and ratiosNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios.4:1
NR
6:1
NR
8:1
NR
10:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
New HampshireAlthough not required by Governor Emergency Order #16, child care programs can consider reducing group sizes to no larger than 10 people total, including children and adults (e.g., one adult and nine children). Keep groups together throughout the day, do not combine groups and to the degree possible, maintain the same groups from day to day. (3/27 guidance)Child care programs should, whenever possible, reduce group sizes to no more than 10 people total, including children and adults (e.g., one adult andn ine children, two adults and eight children, etc.) (6/15 guidance). Child care programs should, whenever possible, reduce group sizes to no more than 10 people total, including children and adults (no changes to ratios/group size since 6/15 guidance). 4:1
12
4:1
12
5:1
15
6:1
18
8:1
24
12:1
24
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
New JerseyCenters are required to reduce group sizes to no larger than 10 people total, including children and adults. Keep groups together throughout the day; do not combine groups (e.g., on the playground, at opening and closing). As feasible, maintain the same groups from day to day (3/25 guidance).Children must be grouped into groups of no more than 10 (6/18 guidance).Children must be grouped into groups of no more than 10 (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/18 guidance).4:1
12
4:1
12
6:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
12:1
20
15:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
New MexicoGroup sizes should not be larger than 10 (e.g., two adults and eight children) (5/11 guidance).No limits on group size, but children must remain in the same group with the same staff each week. A minimum of three staff must be assigned to each group to ensure teacher child ratios are maintained during breaks, lunches and before and after care and provide support with additional cleaning and sanitizing. Teacher child ratios must always be maintained to ensure appropriate supervision and interactions (6/10 guidance).Licensed centers are allowed to expand group size and child-to-teacher ratios for children aged six weeks through four years to the group size and ratio requirements outlined in New Mexico’s FOUR STAR FOCUS-Tiered Quality Rating and Improvement System (5:1 ratio and group size of 10). Group size for school-age children must not exceed 20 with a child-to-teacher ratio of 10:1 (7/6 guidance).6:1
NR
6:1
NR
6:1
NR
10:1
NR
12:1
NR
12:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
15:1
NR
New York City (City) Regional Enrichment Centers will limit classrooms to fewer than 9 students (date unknown)Group size must be limited to no more than 10 children, not including employees/staff (6/8 guidance).Responsible Parties must limit groups to 15 or fewer children, excluding employees/staff, in a specific area (e.g. room) at any given time (6/26 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
12
5:1
12
7:1
14
8:1
21
9:1
24
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
New YorkRecommend providers reconfigure space to limit overall density of rooms to 10 or fewer children. Licensed capacity, however, remains in effect unless you have been approved for a waiver by the Office of Children and Family Services (3/27 guidance)Group size must be limited to no more than 10 children, not including employees/staff (6/8 guidance).Responsible Parties must limit groups to 15 or fewer children, excluding employees/staff, in a specific area (e.g. room) at any given time (6/26 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
12
5:1
12
7:1
14
8:1
21
9:1
24
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
North CarolinaTemporary allowance for all child care facility programs, regardless of star-rating, to operate using the minimum allowable staff/child ratios and group sizes. Reopening guidance requires all child care centers are expected to meet the staff/child ratios and group sizes applicable to their program (3/18 guidance)Does not specify maximum group sizes, but restrict teachers to one classroom with one group of children. To reduce the number of people coming in and out of classrooms, limit the use of “floater” teachers to one per classroom to provide coverage for staff at meal time and breaks (6/15 guidance).All child care centers are expected to meet the staff/child ratios and group sizes applicable to their program (6/26 guidance).5:1
10
5:1
10
6:1
12
10:1
20
15:1
25
15:1
25
25:1
25
25:1
25
25:1
25
25:1
25
25:1
25
North DakotaGroup size limited to 10 children and staffing patterns must be adjusted as needed to comply with established staffing ratios by age group (3/26 guidance).Limited to 15 total people per room (includes both adults and children) (6/1 guidance).Limited to 15 total people per room, including both adults and children (no change to ratios/group sizes in updated 7/21 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
10
7:1
14
10:1
20
12:1
24
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
OhioRequires child care providers to operate under reduced staff to child ratios and maximum group size limitations at all times of no more than 6 or 9 children in a room, depending on age levels: 1:4 infants ratio; 1:6 toddlers; 1:9 preschool children; and 1:9 school-age (5/14)Maximum of nine in groups for preschool-aged children and a maximum of six in groups for infants and toddlers (5/14 guidance).Maximum of nine in groups for preschool-aged children and a maximum of six in groups for infants and toddlers (no change to ratios/group sizse since 5/14 guidance).5:1
10
12:2
10
5:1
10
12:2
10
7:1
14
7:1
14
12:1
24
14:1
28
14:1
28
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
OklahomaGroup sizes should be limited to 10 or less. Group sizes for infants should be limited to four or less. The number of child care and family members cannot be 10 or more in the common child care area (3/24 guidance)Encourage social distancing through small group sizes and maintain an adequate ratio of staff to children to ensure safety (6/17 guidance).Encourage social distancing through small group sizes and maintain an adequate ratio of staff to children to ensure safety (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/17 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
6:1
12
8:1
16
12:1
24
15:1
30
15:1
30
20:1
40
20:1
40
20:1
40
20:1
40
OregonRegistered Family may have one group of up to 10 children. Of the 10 total children, there may be no more than six children ages preschool and younger and, of these six, no more than two children under 24 months. Certified Family may have two stable groups of up to 10 children in separate areas of the home and no more than 16 children total. Certified Centers may have one stable group of up to 10 children per classroom. A program may allow some families to “swap” slots between days (5/16 guidance)Maxiumum group size of ten (5/16 guidance).Registered Family may have one group of up to 10 children. Of the 10 total children, there may be no more than six children ages preschool and younger and, of these six, no more than two children under 24 months. Certified Family may have two stable groups of up to 10 children in separate areas of the home and no more than 16 children total. Each group of children must be in a space that meets the minimum of 35 square feet per child.. Maximum group size of 8 children for infants (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/16 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
10
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
PennsylvaniaGuidance notes that lower staff/child ratios will decrease the number of exposed children, but does not require specific state changes.Guidance notes that lower staff/child ratios will decrease the number of exposed children, but does not require specific state changes (6/1 guidance).Guidance notes that lower staff/child ratios will decrease the number of exposed children, but does not require specific state changes (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/1 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
10
6:1
12
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
12:1
24
12:1
24
12:1
24
15:1
30
15:1
30
Rhode Island*Upon reopening: 10 or fewer children, in stable groups, and the maximum number of people is twelve or fewer, this number includes all teachers and staff in the classroom. DHS has also temporarily reduced the number of staff and children ratios when programs reopen that range from 1:4--1:11. Amends 218-RICR-70-00-10.Child care must be carried out in stable groups of ten (10) children. The maximum number of people remains at twelve (12) or fewer, this number includes all teachers and staff in the classroom (6/5 guidance).Effective June 29, 2020, licensed child care center-based programs will be able to seek DHS approval to increase their COVID-19 capacity to serve stable groups of 20 children in preschool and school age classrooms and resume pre-COVID capacity for infant/toddler classrooms. Group family child care providers will notify DHS Licensing if/when they opt to resume pre-COVID capacity numbers, serving (max) 12 children. Family child care providers will maintain their existing COVID-19 child care capacity numbers, as this is already aligned to their pre-COVID capacity numbers and does not require an adjustment (6/24 guidance) 4:1
8
4:1
8
6:1
12
9:1
18
10:1
20
12:1
24
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
South CarolinaNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios, other than linking to CDC guidance.No updated guidance on group size and ratiosNo updated guidance on group size and ratios5:1
NR
5:1
NR
6:1
NR
9:1
NR
13:1
NR
18:1
NR
21:1
NR
23:1
NR
23:1
NR
23:1
NR
23:1
NR
South DakotaNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios, other than linking to CDC guidance.No updated guidance on group size and ratiosNo updated guidance to group size and ratios. 5:1
20
5:1
20
5:1
20
5:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
20
15:1
20
15:1
20
15:1
20
TennesseeRecommends limiting congregation of children and class sizes to 10 or less (4/30 guidance)All efforts should be made to limit congregation of children and class sizes to 10 or less (6/22 guidance).All efforts should be made to limit congregation of children and class sizes to 10 or less (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated 7/21 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
6:1
12
7:1
14
9:1
18
TexasNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratio regulation changes, but requires programs seeking variances to ratio requirements to submit a request, which will be considered on an case-by-case basisModified class sizes still in place: maximum class size for one caregiver is 10 children, and 20 for two caregivers in one room for school age children. Regulated Family Child Care ratios are not affected (5/18 guidance).Modified class sizes still in place. For one caregiver per classroom, modified maximum class size ranges from seven children (ages 18-23 months) to 10 children (three years and older). For two caregivers per room, maximum class sizes range from 8 children (infants) to 20 children (three years and older). Regulated Family Child Care ratios are not affected (no changes to ratios/group size in updated 7/2 guidance).4:1
10
4:1
10
9:1
18
11:1
22
15:1
30
18:1
35
22:1
35
26:1
35
26:1
35
26:1
35
26:1
35
UtahGroup size initially limited to 10, but new rules increases group size for both licensed homes and centers to 20 or less individuals including children, household members and staff. If there is more than one group, those groups must be separated by full, solid walls that are higher than 6 feet. Providers must follow the current licensing single and mixed-age caregiver-tochild ratios and groups sizes for children younger than three years old (4/29 guidance).For center providers, with the exception of school-age children, providers must restrict indoor groups of people to 20 or less. These groups include children and caregivers. Providers must ensure that each group of children has the appropriate caregiver-to-child ratio (5/28 guidance).For center providers, with the exception of school-age children, providers must restrict indoor groups of people to 20 or less. These groups include children and caregivers. Providers must ensure that each group of children has the appropriate caregiver-to-child ratio. For groups of school-age children, providers may have up to 20 children plus one caregiver (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated 7/1 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
7:1
14
12:1
24
15:1
30
20:1
40
20:1
40
20:1
40
20:1
40
20:1
40
VermontSmall groups, not more than 10 individuals in a classroom, including teachers (4/7 state webinar).Children must be kept in small groups, not more than 25 individuals in a single classroom or care area, including teachers (5/28 guidance). Children must be kept in small groups, not more than 25 individuals in a single classroom or care area, including teachers (no changes to ratios/group sizes in updated 7/13 guidance). 4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
5:1
10
10:1
20
10:1
20
10:1
20
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
13:1
NR
VirginiaLimiting groups to 10 persons (including staff), and guidance notes that the Governor's restrictions do not include waivers, therefore the Division of Licensing Programs is not permitted to grant any exceptions to the rule (4/9 guidance).During Phase II, Group size limit increases to 12 (including staff) for children under 4 years old provided age-based adult:child ratios are followed. For children age four and above, including school-age children up to age 13, group size maximum is 22 (including staff) as long as social distancing of six feet apart is maintained (6/2 guidance).Under Phase III, group size limit is 12 (including staff) for children under 4 years old provided age-based adult: child ratios are followed. For children age four and above, including school-age children up to age 13, group size maximum is 22 (including staff) as long as social distancing of six feet apart is maintained. Age-based adult: child ratios must be followed (6/25 guidance)4:1
NR
4:1
NR
5:1
NR
8:1
NR
10:1
NR
10:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
18:1
NR
20:1
NR
WashingtonIssued guidance calling for child care providers to reduce group sizes to no more than 10 children and adults total. No changes to ratios included (5/8 updated guidance).DOH guidance recommends group sizes of 10 as a best practice in keeping with a public health approach. These are not required and expanded group sizes are allowed, for example, Snohomish County has released guidance (6/22) allowing for child care group sizes to increase from 10 to 22 people total (5/26 guidance).No more than 10 individuals (staff and children) clustered in one group under Phase II reopening. Childcare providers may use partitions to separate groups of 10 individuals for larger groups (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/17 guidance).4:1
8
3:1
9
4:1
8
3:1
9
7:1
14
7:1
14
10:1
20
10:1
20
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
Washington, D.C.No specific state guidance related to group size or ratios.Keeping only 10 individuals limited to one room is the safest recommendation in terms of group size. Childcare providers may use partitions to separate groups of 10 individuals for larger groups (6/17 guidance).No more than 10 individuals (staff and children) clustered in one group under Phase II reopening. Childcare providers may use partitions to separate groups of 10 individuals for larger groups (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 6/17 guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
8:1
16
10:1
20
15:1
25
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
15:1
30
West VirginiaNo specific state guidance related to group size or ratios, other than linking to CDC guidance.No updated guidance on group size and ratiosRatio and group sizes should be adjusted to 10 or fewer (inclusive of childcare providers) per classrooms for children above the age of two years. Childcare facilities should strongly consider lowering group size whenever possible and not go beyond licensing regulations for group size overall (no changes to ratios/group sizes since 5/9 guidance)4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
12
8:1
16
10:1
20
12:1
24
12:1
24
16:1
32
16:1
32
16:1
32
16:1
32
WisconsinChild care settings may not operate with more than 10 staff present at a time and may not operate with more than 50 children present at a time. Violation or obstruction of this order is punishable by imprisonment, fines, or both (3/18 order of the Governor and DOH).Normal ratio and group size rules are in effect. The public health emergency order changes to ratios and group size are no longer in effect for child care (date unknown).Normal ratio and group size rules are in effect. The public health emergency order changes to ratios and group size are no longer in effect for child care (date unknown, no changes in ratios/group sizes guidance).4:1
8
4:1
8
4:1
8
6:1
12
10:1
20
13:1
24
17:1
34
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
18:1
36
WyomingMust have fewer than 10 children and staff in a room or together at all times (3/19 State Health Order).Children must be kept in small groups, with 25 people (children and providers) or less in a single room or play area, and in accordance with all rules governing child-to-provider ratios (6/5 guidance).Child care providers must restrict groups of people (children and providers) to less than 10 in each separate room. Group sizes cannot exceed 25, including outdoor spaces (6/8 guidance).4:1
10
4:1
10
5:1
12
8:1
18
10:1
24
12:1
30
12:1
30
18:1
40
18:1
40
18:1
40
18:1
40

 

Footnotes:
  • Hawaii: The state did not release initial guidance until May 26, but reverted to pre-COVID class sizes and ratios as of June 9.
  • Rhode Island: The state completely suspended child care operations until June 1, but issued reopening guidance on May 1.